California leads the world in the development of dairy digesters: reducing emissions and creating clean energy.
California is the first dairy region in the world to set a goal for a 40% reduction of methane emissions from dairy manure. Due mainly to the development of digesters, the state's dairy farms are currently on track to meet that goal.
California currently has includes 185 dairy digester projects—capturing methane from 194 dairies and creating clean, renewable energy.
One cow can produce enough transportation fuel to drive a car across the country. Five cows can power a house for a year.
Digesters are capturing methane and creating renewable natural gas or electricity to be used as carbon-negative transportation fuel in heavy-duty trucks, or to power electric vehicles and homes. Additionally, a new pilot program will soon begin testing the use of hydrogen derived from dairy biomethane to fuel trucks and cranes at the Port of Los Angeles.
Dairy digesters are providing the largest greenhouse gas reduction of all investments in California’s climate action portfolio.
The digester grant program is among the most cost-effective programs (ranked second of 69 climate programs), providing one ton of GHG reduction (CO2e) for every $9 invested by the state.
Through the development of dairy digesters alone, California dairy farms will soon be reducing a total of more than 2.2 million metric tons of greenhouse gases (CO2e) per year.
Learn more about the Dairy Digester Research and Development Program in the latest annual report to the Legislature on California Climate Investments Using Cap-and-Trade Auction Proceeds. You can also download the following resources.
Learn how California's dairy digesters are helping improve air quality.
Frequently Asked Questions
How does a dairy methane digester work?
“By covering our pond, we capture the biogas that’s produced from the natural breakdown of manure during storage. You can actually see the plastic tarp on the pond rise as it fills up with biogas.”
– Leo Van Warmerdam, Galt, CA
What does "carbon negative" mean?
According to the California Air Resources Control Board, renewable natural gas (rng) from dairy biogas is by far the least carbon-intensive transportation fuel currently available in California with a negative carbon intensity score of -255, making it nearly ten times more effective at reducing carbon in the atmosphere than even electric vehicles. To learn more, see Dr. Mitloehner's explanation in the video, How Can We Reduce Livestock Methane?.
How can CA ensure long-term success?
The dairy community is working with government agency partners, technology providers, the energy industry, entrepreneurs, and others to develop cost-effective, environmentally friendly dairy digesters. Dairy families will need continued cooperation from the state to provide infrastructure and robust markets for renewable energy.
California dairy farmers are leaders in planet-smart dairy practices.
Dairy farmers in California have a long history of working collaboratively with state officials and researchers to improve environmental performance, which has placed them in a strong position to lead the world in the development of climate-smart and overall, planet-smart dairy practices. California dairy farmers, state officials, and other key stakeholders will continue discussing pathways for improving economic and environmental sustainability at the second California Dairy Sustainability Summit, taking place March 25-25, 2020 in Sacramento.